Tuesday, April 23, 2019 - 9:30am to Wednesday, April 24, 2019 - 12:45pm

The encounter between Dutch explorers and Lenape Native Americans on the Island of Manhattan in 1609 began a history of social and economic exploitation of the indigenous people beginning with the 1626 $24 purchase of Manhattan (60 guilders or today’s equivalent of nearly $1,000). The Financial District of Lower Manhattan is where this history unfolded. The original wall of Wall Street was built by the Dutch with slave labor to keep the Indians out, and then guarded by forerunners of the New York Police Department.  This is the land on which we will walk. 

On April 23 and 24, join MCC East Coast on a Native American Learning Tour to learn about this history. It will begin with a walking tour of these historical sites including the two 1643 massacre sites. Then it will trace the unfolding of the history of European settlement in the Americas that is rooted in the Doctrine of Discovery, a history of European exceptionalism which resulted in loss of Native land, slavery and economic exploitation of both Natives and slaves alike.

This day and a half tour will connect the dots illustrating the interwoven link between land, race, finance and theology.

Please note that participants must be able to walk 2 city miles comfortably. We will be using public transportation between sites.


  • $254 including housing (Monday and Tuesday night, April 22-23 at Menno House, 314 E 19th St, New York, NY 10003)
  • $65 tour only

Food and transportation to/from New York City is not included in the above costs.

Register online by April 1. Tour spots are limited.


Tuesday, April 23: Walking tour of sites in Manhattan and Jersey City

9:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. Financial District sites

  • Battery Park
    • Tour starts at 9:30 a.m. at Dutch Monument of the Indian (corner of State and Broadway), pictured above. Get off at Bowling Green subway station (4 or 5 green line).
  • National Museum of the Native American
  • Bowling Green
  • Slave Market site (walk on Beaver St. to corner of Wall and Water Streets)
  • Citi Bank (111 Wall Street)
  • Buttonwood tree site (68 Wall Street)
  • NY Stock Exchange/Federal Hall with Washington Statue (11 Wall Street) 
  • Trinity Church

1:30 p.m. to 2:50 p.m. Colears Hook Park site of NY 1643 massacre then to World Trade Center

2:50 p.m. to 4:45 p.m. Jersey City massacre site of 1643

  • Liberty Park and the massacre site of 1643
  • Newport historical marker—Henry Hudson’s ship landing on 9/11/1609

Wednesday, April 24: Menno House

9:00 a.m. to 12:45 p.m. Connecting the dots on Doctrine of Discovery: Land, Slavery, Finance and European exceptionalism